Primary headaches manifest independently, devoid of an underlying medical condition. The precise mechanisms driving these headaches remain undisclosed. Within the realm of primary headaches, there exist various types:
Secondary headaches arise as a consequence of an underlying medical or neurological condition. In these cases, the brain's capacity to perceive damage to its own neural tissue is absent. Instead, the discomfort associated with these headaches originates from the various adjacent tissues or structures in or around the head. Presented below is a compilation of secondary headache types accompanied by instances of underlying conditions:
Manipulative therapy might also exert an impact on the prevailing type of headache, namely tension-type headaches. An exhaustive review of available literature spanning from 2000 to 2013 came to the conclusion that "patients with tension-type headaches who underwent manual therapies exhibited more favorable improvements compared to those who received traditional treatment or a placebo." However, a comprehensive assessment of effectiveness remained challenging.